Motto „Berlin Environment Resurrection Pioneer“
Architektur MALAIJERDI (Teheran)
Landschaftsplanung ABOLFAZL MALAIJERDI
1. Phase, 2. Rundgang
Erläuterungen der Verfasser
Berlin Is Changing
Berlin is one of theverdurouscities of Europe that the number of its parks, gardens and the forest areas are more than any other city of Europe and this city is a verdurouscity exactly and unquestionably but being as a city with more green spaces does not mean that one can be interested in the environment. Taking the climate of such city into consideration compared with other European cities and other cities there in Germany we can understand that Berlin has taken very poor measures interms of one green city and as an environmentalistWeiterlesen
In spite of all the stated things, the history has registered some of the environmental approaches used by the locals for sure. Like mostofthefeatures and characteristics which may make Berlin as a very special place, the Berliners’ tendency for using the life styles which can make friends with the environmentnamely from the green spaces to the gardens is rooted in the complicated and historical past of the said city.
Following the First World War, Berlin was known as an isolated city and this meant that the dwellers and inhabitants of this city had to live by relying on themselves in many ways that among these ways we can refer to their self-sufficiency and competency in finding the food resources. Accordingly the locals supported the green spaces due to the role which they played in growing and preparing the food and different materials and hence the green spaces got too much value.In the meantime, the gardens was not considered a luxurious choice or option and were only taken into account as a vital place for growing the food in the direction of helping the people to survive. Many people post-bellum and after the war had nothing and accordingly some items changed into a necessary culture in Berlin such as making the clothes by the Berlinersthemselves, riding the bicycle, buying the old wearings and …….
Some other parks were also constructed following the alliance of east and west parts of Berlin and the open spaces were shown to the people. The protected border lines around the Berlin wall changed their application for the public. For example, the natural park was allocated to the railway station in which the structures of old trains were mixed up with the green spaces so that this could create a mixture of the industrial spaces and forest.
After the war, the relative poverty in Berlin has had a very positive point that is the less number of vehicles in comparison with other cities and on transport routes and the existence of one effective public transportation system. In addition to these matters, the people can be encouraged to recycle in one refund system.
When we talk about the green space area, Berlin is one of the most verdurouscities of the world but this city must still walk a long path likeother parts of the world in protecting the natural environment correctly and accordingly, after studying the existing potentials in Berlin and the position of such city among the smart cities of the world and also the climatic changes and the unprecedented heat which their effects were tangible in the European Union and also the cities in Germany in 2019, we got to this conclusion that we can use the existing potentials of this city in the direction of Germany’s macro-politics(Large-scale Politics) for minimizing the greenhouse gasesand also reducing the energy consumption as one of the most industrialized states in the European Union.In Berlin, due to the weather and atmospheric conditions and the variety of climate in this city, the sufficient precipitations(Rainfall & Downfalls) and wind blow in this city therefore, most of house roofs and the residential and official complexes have been constructed in the form of a gable roof (A roof with two sloping sides and a gable at each end) and if these roofs are in a flat or plane forms in fact the large area of the city has remaineduseless and on the houses roofs and such useless remaining is not only found in Berlin or other cities of Germany but also it is approximately the same in most countries but what we are asking is that what kind of condition is really prepared there in Berlin so that we could overgeneralize the patterns of such culture throughout the world as onepioneer and leading city!!!!! Our objective for obliterating the gable roofs in the city is not because of our interest in building a space of recreation on the house roofs or merely building a green space!! How we can enjoy the best and appropriate use with regards to this matter that the urban mass constructions are continuously of one central yard? Can our inspiration of the style and type of urban development and architecture of the existing urban mass constructions help to the better performance in the years to come? We can use such opportunity in three methods as disclosed below:
- First Method:
We can transfer the plantation and the industry in a modern form from the suburbs of Berlin city or even from farther distances to the top layer of city (House Roofs) with regards to the Berliners’ cultural preparedness and the policy makings ofthe honorable government of Germany however, such progress in 2070 can be really expected considering the creativities found in thiscountry. The urban agricultureis now rapidly changing the world cities and such idea is a simple one namely the idea of using the whole spaces for the agriculture and horticulture purposes. Results of the studies are indicative of this matter that the application of the urban agriculture can not only be effective in decreasing the environmental pollution but also can improvethe environmental quality and help us for creating a healthy place for living in the city and this can also lead to the income increase in such small urban spaces and as another benefit the urban agriculture can be useful for implementing the green roofs and vertical gardens, reduction in the effects of urban heat island, climate quality development, biodiversity increase, sound insulation and reduction in the greenhouse gases release and dissemination and urban agriculture can also absorb a part of urban solid and liquid wastes which can lead to the cost reduction and problems of the wastes management in a city.
- Second Method:
Using the space of the roof surfaceand then omitting the gable roof and substituting the water ponds for accumulating the rain water and using the green roof and growing and nurturing the particular plants and acquatics.We can use a pond instead of applying a dishto collect the rain water within a bigger model so that the said pond could preserve and save the water for some times in addition to more capacity. Using such method we can use the water existing in the pond for other consumptions such as washing, hygienic consumptions and even the drinkable water after passing the purification steps. Collecting and using the rain water is of many advantages which among them we can mention the reduction of costs, helping to protect the environment, water existence even at the times of disconnecting the tap water (Water Supply).
- Third Method:
Let’s suppose a city which has a clean transportation system but based on what difference??? By riding the bicycle, walking and also using the movable corridors which could be able to produce the electrical energy and also using them with regards to this difference that such a thing normally happens in the upper layers of city (City Roof)!!! and then all the pedestrians walk in the most crowded and busy parts of city without using the personal machines and only by connecting the city roofstogether and a large percentage of streets are now using the urban agricultural industry instead of the vehicles trafficnamely we can transfer the pedestrians and urban traffic to the city roof and then establish the agricultural industry in the city zero balance because imagining such as city can be inspiring for most of the cities there in Germany in the direction of protecting the environment, less energy consumption, a smart city consisting a clean transportation and somehow more different than the entire world…….